A human neutralizing antibody targets the receptor binding site of SARS-CoV-2

Rui Shi, Chao Shan, Xiaomin Duan, Zhihai Chen, Peipei Liu, Jinwen Song, Tao Song, Xiaoshan Bi, Chao Han, Lianao Wu, Ge Gao, Xue Hu, Yanan Zhang, Zhou Tong, Weijin Huang, William Jun Liu, Guizhen Wu, Bo Zhang, Lan Wang, Jianxun Qi, Hui Feng, Fu-sheng Wang, Qihui Wang, George Fu Gao, Zhiming Yuan & Jinghua Yan

An outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread globally. Countermeasures are needed to treat and prevent further dissemination of the virus. In this study, we report the isolation of 2 specific human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) from a convalescent COVID-19 patient. CA1 and CB6 demonstrated potent SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralization activity in vitro against SARS-CoV-2. In addition, CB6 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 infection in rhesus monkeys at both prophylactic and treatment settings. Further structural studies revealed that CB6 recognizes an epitope that overlaps with angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-binding sites in SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain (RBD), thereby interfering with the virus/receptor interactions by both steric hindrance and direct interface-residue competition. Our results suggest CB6 deserves further clinical translation.

Nature https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2381-y


Also: Monoclonal antibody against COVID-19 enters clinical trial https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-monoclonal-antibody-covid-clinical-trial.html via @medical_xpress 




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